IOSU Syscalls

From WiiUBrew
Jump to: navigation, search

There are 2 types of syscalls:

1. Syscalls using undefined ARM instruction.

2. Syscalls using ARM syscall instruction.

Syscalls (via undefined instructions)

Similarly to the Wii's IOS, the IOSU uses a syscall table that is stored toward the end of the kernel area inside the main ARM binary (fw.img).

The second vector is the invalid instruction handler, which is used to implement syscalls:

fw:FFFF0000               LDR     PC, =_reset
fw:FFFF0004               LDR     PC, =starbuck_syscall_handler

The Starbuck syscall handler:

   STMFA           SP, {R0-LR}^
   MRS             R8, SPSR
   STR             R8, [SP]
   STR             LR, [SP,#0x40]
   LDR             R10, [LR,#-4]   ; R10 = E7F0XXXX  (the invalid instruction)
   BIC             R9, R10, #0xFF00
   LDR             R8, =0xE7F000F0   ; Syscall base
   CMP             R9, R8            ; Were any bits set other than the syscall number
   BNE             invalid_syscall
   MOV             R10, R10,ASR#8
   AND             R10, R10, #0xFF
   CMP             R10, #0x94        ; Max index of syscall (can possibly vary)
   BGT             return_to_caller
   MOV             R8, SP
   MOV             R11, #0x1F
   MSR             CPSR_c, R11       ; Switch to system mode and disable FIQ/IRQ
   LDR             R9, [R8,#0x48]    ; Added in 5.5.0: Check for invalid stack
   CMP             SP, R9
   BLCS            bad_stack
   LDR             R11, [R8,#0x4C]
   SUB             R9, R9, R11
   CMP             SP, R9
   BCC             bad_stack
   LDR             R8, [R8,#0x44]
   LDR             R11, =syscall_stack_arg_counts
   LDR             R11, [R11,R10,LSL#2]  ; Number of args on stack for this syscall
   ADD             SP, SP, R11,LSL#2
   CMP             R11, #0
   BEQ             find_syscall_and_jump
   LDR             R9, [SP,#-4]!	 ; Copy argument value
   STR             R9, [R8,#-4]!
   SUB             R11, R11, #1
   B               get_stack_arg
   MOV             SP, R8
   LDR             R11, =syscall_table
   LDR             R11, [R11,R10,LSL#2]
   MOV             LR, PC
   BX              R11
   MOV             R11, #0xDB   ; Switch to undefined mode and re-enable FIQ/IRQ
   MSR             CPSR_c, R11
   LDR             R11, [SP]
   MSR             SPSR_cxsf, R11
   MOV             LR, R0
   LDMED           SP, {R0-LR}^
   MOV             R0, LR
   LDR             LR, [SP,#0x40]
   MOVS            PC, LR	      ; Return
   LDR             SP, =current_thread_ctx_addr
   LDR             SP, [SP]
   STR             LR, [SP,#0x40]
   ADD             SP, SP, #0x40
   STMFD           SP, {R0-LR}^
   SUB             R0, SP, #0x40
   MOV             LR, #6	 ; STATE_FAULTED
   STR             LR, [R0,#0x50]
   LDR             SP, =debug_args_addr
   BL              debug_print  ; Illegal Instruction:tid=%d,pid=%d,pc=0x%08x,sp=0x%08x
   B               schedule_yield
   BL      disable_interrupts
   LDR     R0, =current_thread_ctx_addr
   LDR     R0, [R0]
   MOV     LR, #6               ; STATE_FAULTED
   STR     LR, [R0,#0x50]
   MOV     R1, SP
   MOV     R2, R10
   LDR     SP, =debug_args_addr
   BL      debug_print_bad_stack ; Bad stack upon making system call:tid=%d,pid=%d,sp=0x%08x,sysCallNum=%d\n
   B       schedule_yield

Syscalls are invoked by way of the invalid instruction handler; syscalls take the form 0xE7F000F0 | (syscall_num << 8). (E.g. E7F000F0 is syscall 0, E7F036F0 is syscall 0x36, etc.).
The IOSU has 0x94 available syscalls with 5.3.2 (the number of installed syscalls can vary between system versions).

With 5.5.0 sp(user-mode/system-mode) is now bounds-checked right after the switch to system-mode. When out-of-bounds it will execute code similar to "invalid_syscall" described above. Hence, userland sp has to be within the current thread userland stackbottom/stacktop at the time a syscall is used, otherwise the fault code will be executed.

NOTE: Official syscall names begin with "IOS_", the rest are merely educated guesses.

These syscall numbers were last verified on 5.3.2 debug OSv10 and 5.5.0 retail OSv10. They may vary for newer/older versions or OSv9.

Debug ID# Retail ID# Internal name Description Return value
0x00 0x00 int IOS_CreateThread(u32 (*proc)(void* arg), void* arg, u32* stack_top, u32 stacksize, int priority, u32 flags) Creates a thread (in paused state) New threadid or error (negative value)
0x01 0x01 int thread_join(int threadid, u32 *returned_value) Waits for a thread to finish executing 0 on success
0x02 0x02 int thread_cancel(int threadid, u32 return_value) Cancels an active thread. Threadid 0 will use the current thread. 0 on success
0x03 0x03 int get_tid() Get the current thread's ID Current threadid
0x04 0x04 void* access_ipc_buffer_pool() Gets the per-thread IPC buffer pool's address The IPC buffer pool address value
0x05 0x05 int get_pid() Get the current process' ID Current processid
0x06 0x06 int get_process_name(int pid, char *out_buffer) Get the specified process' name string 0 on success
0x07 0x07 int IOS_StartThread(int threadid) Resume the specified thread 0 on success
0x08 0x08 int thread_suspend(int threadid) Suspend the specified thread. Threadid 0 will use the current thread. 0 on success
0x09 0x09 int thread_yield() Yield execution to any higher priority threads 0 on success
0x0A 0x0A int IOS_GetThreadPriority(int threadid) Get the priority of the specified thread The thread's priority or error (negative value)
0x0B 0x0B int IOS_SetThreadPriority(int threadid, int priority) Set the priority of the specified thread 0 on success
0x0C 0x0C int IOS_CreateMessageQueue(u32 *ptr, u32 n_msgs) Create a queue at ptr, for n_msgs messages The queue ID
0x0D 0x0D int IOS_DestroyMessageQueue(int queueid) Destroy a message queue 0 on success
0x0E 0x0E int IOS_SendMessage(int queueid, u32 message, u32 flags) Add a message to the end queue 0 on success
0x0F 0x0F int IOS_JamMessage(int queueid, u32 message, u32 flags) Add a message to the front of a queue 0 on success
0x10 0x10 int IOS_ReceiveMessage(int queueid, u32 *message, u32 flags) Fetch a message from the front of a queue 0 on success
0x11 0x11 int IOS_HandleEvent(int device, int queueid, int message) Register queueid as a handler for interrupts generated by device (sends message to queueid when device's interrupt is triggered) 0 on success
0x12 0x12 int unregister_event_handler(int device) Unregister handler for device 0 on success
0x13 0x13 int IOS_CreateTimer(int time_us, int repeat_time_us, int queueid, u32 message) Create a timer that sends a message to a queue after the elapsed period(s) Timerid or error (negative value)
0x14 0x14 int IOS_RestartTimer(int timerid, int time_us, int repeat_time_us) Restart a timer using the specified period(s) 0 on success
0x15 0x15 int IOS_StopTimer(int timerid) Pauses the specified timer 0 on success
0x16 0x16 int IOS_DestroyTimer(int timerid) Destroys the specified timer 0 on success
0x17 0x17 u32 get_timestamp() Get the current timestamp The current timestamp value
0x18 0x18 u32 time_now() Fetch the current value of the Starbuck's timer The current value of the timer register
0x19 0x19 int IOS_GetUpTimeStruct(???) 0 on success
0x1A 0x1A int IOS_GetUpTime64(u64 *out_buf) Returns the current time in wide format 0 on success
0x1B 0x1B int set_rtc_counter(u64 *in_buf) Sets the RTC counter used by MCP (can only be called by MCP) 0 on success
0x1C 0x1C int IOS_GetAbsTimeCalendar(void *out_buf) Returns the current date and time in a 0x18 sized struct (0x00: year; 0x04: day; 0x08: month; 0x0C: hour; 0x10: minute; 0x14: second) 0 on success
0x1D 0x1D int IOS_GetAbsTime64(???) 0 on success
0x1E 0x1E int IOS_GetAbsTimeStruct(???) 0 on success
0x1F 0x1F int set_fault_behavior(int pid, u32 flag) Enables or disables raising a panic when a system fault occurs in the specified process. This is only usable from the IOS-MCP process. Once finished, this will always set the flag for PID0(IOS-KERNEL) to value 1. This is the same field mentioned here for exception handling. 0 on success, -1 when curpid is not 1, and -29 when the input pid is >13.
0x20 0x20 int check_debug_mode() Checks if we are in debug mode by looking at a flag in the OTP 0 if in debug mode
0x21 0x21 int check_jtag() Get the current status of the JTAG 0 if JTAG is enabled or -4 if disabled
0x22 0x22 int read_otp(u32 wordindex, void *out_buf, u32 size) Read data from the OTP, this can only be used from the IOS-CRYPTO process. 0 on success, -1 when IOSU's PID isn't 3.
0x23 0x23 int heap_create(void *ptr, int size) Create a new heap at ptr of size bytes The heapid or error (negative value)
0x24 0x24 int IOS_CreateLocalProcessHeap(void *ptr, int size) Create a new local process heap of size bytes The heap ID or error (negative value)
0x25 0x25 int IOS_CreateCrossProcessHeap(int size) Create a new cross process heap of size bytes The heap ID or error (negative value)
0x26 0x26 int heap_destroy(int heapid) Destroy the specified heap 0 on success
0x27 0x27 void* IOS_Alloc(int heapid, u32 size) Allocate size bytes from the specified heap Pointer to memory
0x28 0x28 void* heap_alloc_aligned(int heapid, u32 size, u32 align) Allocate size bytes from the specified heap with the requested alignment Pointer to aligned memory
0x29 0x29 void IOS_Free(int heapid, void *ptr) Release allocated memory back to the heap 0 on success
0x2A 0x2A void heap_free_and_clear(int heapid, void *ptr) Same as IOS_Free, but clears the contents of ptr 0 on success
0x2B 0x2B int heap_expand(int heapid, void *ptr, u32 size) Expands an allocated memory block by size bytes 0 on success
0x2C 0x2C int IOS_RegisterResourceManager(const char* device, int queueid) Registers device to the device tree, so it can be opened (from ARM and PPC) 0 on success
0x2D 0x2D int device_associate(const char* device, int internal_id) Associates a device to the specified internal IOS ID. This ID appears to correspond to the cos.xml permissions groupid? This syscall isn't used with devices that don't require any permissions(and are PowerPC-accessible) it seems. It appears when this ID isn't listed in the cos.xml groupids at all, the device is ARM-only. 0 on success
0x2E 0x2E int device_set_flags(const char* device, u32 flags) Sets some flags in the device's internal structure 0 on success
0x2F 0x2F int set_client_capabilities(int client_pid, int feature_id, u32 *masks) Sets the client's capability masks/permissions (can only be called by MCP) 0 on success
0x30 0x30 int clear_client_capabilities(int client_pid) Clears the client's capability masks/permissions (can only be called by MCP) 0 on success
0x31 0x31 int query_client_capabilities(int client_pid, int feature_id, void *out_buffer) Gets the client's capability masks/permissions (out_buffer gets 0x08 bytes; mask1 and mask2) 0 on success
0x32 0x32 int query_feature_id(int feature_id, int out_count, void *out_buffer) Retrieves information associated with a feature_id (out_buffer receives out_count * 0x34 bytes structures with the client pid, busy close violations count, active TXN count and open handles count) 0 on success
0x33 0x33 int IOS_Open(const char* device, int mode) Similar to IOS_Open on PPC, except now internal to the IOSU system Returns an fd or error (negative)
0x34 0x34 int IOS_Close(int fd) Close a previously opened fd 0 on success
0x35 0x35 int IOS_Read(int fd, void *buf, u32 len) Read len bytes from fd into buf The number of bytes read or error
0x36 0x36 int IOS_Write(int fd, const void *buf, u32 len) Write len bytes to fd from buf The number of bytes written or error
0x37 0x37 int IOS_Seek(int fd, int offset, int origin) Seek to offset relative to origin The new absolute offset or error
0x38 0x38 int IOS_Ioctl(int fd, u32 request, void *input_buffer, u32 input_buffer_len, void *output_buffer, u32 output_buffer_len) Perform the requested IOCTL Return value from IOCTL
0x39 0x39 int IOS_Ioctlv(int fd, u32 request, u32 vector_count_in, u32 vector_count_out, struct iovec *vector) Perform the requested IOCTL Return value from IOCTL
0x3A 0x3A int IOS_OpenAsync(const char* device, int mode, int queueid, ipcmessage *message) Async implementation of IOS_Open 0 on success, ipcmessage is sent to the queue with the command's return value
0x3B 0x3B int IOS_CloseAsync(int fd, int queueid, ipcmessage *message) Async implementation of IOS_Close 0 on success
0x3C 0x3C int IOS_ReadAsync(int fd, void *buf, u32 len, int queueid, ipcmessage *message) Async implementation of IOS_Read 0 on success
0x3D 0x3D int IOS_WriteAsync(int fd, const void *buf, u32 len, int queueid, ipcmessage *message) Async implementation of IOS_Write 0 on success
0x3E 0x3E int IOS_SeekAsync(int fd, int offset, int origin, int queueid, ipcmessage *message) Async implementation of IOS_Seek 0 on success
0x3F 0x3F int IOS_IoctlAsync(int fd, u32 request, void *input_buffer, u32 input_buffer_len, void *output_buffer, u32 output_buffer_len, int queueid, ipcmessage *message) Async implementation of IOS_Ioctl 0 on success
0x40 0x40 int IOS_IoctlvAsync(int fd, u32 request, u32 vector_count_in, u32 vector_count_out, struct iovec *vector, int queueid, ipcmessage *message) Async implementation of IOS_Ioctlv 0 on success
0x41 0x41 int open_as_async(???)
0x42 0x42 int write_as_async(???)
0x43 0x43 int ipc_resume(???)
0x44 0x44 int ipc_suspend(???)
0x45 0x45 int ipc_svcmsg(???)
0x46 0x46 int ipc_resume_async(???)
0x47 0x47 int ipc_suspend_async(???)
0x48 0x48 int ipc_svcmsg_async(???)
0x49 0x49 int IOS_ResourceReply(void *ipc_handle, u32 result) Reply back through the IPC handle 0 on success
0x4A 0x4A int set_proc_unk_params(int pid, u32 param1, u32 param2, u32 param3) Sets some unknown parameters on the specified process' internal structure 0 on success
0x4B 0x4B int get_proc_unk_params(int pid, u32 *out_buf1, u32 *out_buf2) Gets some unknown parameters from the specified process' internal structure 0 on success
0x4C 0x4C int ahbMemFlush(int ahb_dev) Performs some additional checks and calls ahb_flush_from 0 on success
0x4D 0x4D int ahb_flush_from(int ahb_dev) Performs AHB memory flushing 0 on success
0x4E 0x4E int ahb_flush_check(int ahb_dev) Checks for valid device masks 0 on success
0x4F 0x4F int ahb_flush_to(int ahb_dev) Performs AHB memory flushing 0 on success
0x50 0x50 int IOS_ClearandEnable(int id) Enables hardware interrupts (IRQs) for the specified device 0 on success
0x51 int access_iobuf_pool(int unk) Unused Always 0
0x52 struct iobuf *alloc_iobuf(int unk, u32 buf_size) Allocate an iobuf NULL on error
0x53 int free_iobuf(struct iobuf *iob) Free an allocated iobuf 0 on success
0x54 void iobuf_log_header_info() Unused Nothing
0x55 void iobuf_log_buffer_info() Unused Nothing
0x56 void *extend_iobuf(struct iobuf *iob, unsigned short num) Extend the data in the buffer by num bytes Pointer to extended area
0x57 void *IOS_PushIob(struct iobuf *iob, unsigned short num) Move head pointer num bytes towards the buffer end Old head pointer
0x58 void *IOS_PullIob(struct iobuf *iob, unsigned short num) Move head pointer num bytes towards the buffer start Old head pointer
0x59 int verify_iobuf(struct iobuf *iob) Verify if the argument points to an iobuf 0 on success
0x5A struct iobuf *copy_iobuf(struct iobuf *iob) Copy an iobuf into the pool Itself
0x5B 0x51 void IOS_InvalidateDCache(void *ptr, unsigned int len) Invalidate data cache Nothing
0x5C 0x52 void IOS_FlushDCache(void *ptr, unsigned int len) Flush data cache Nothing
0x5D 0x53 int execute_privileged(void *address) Disables memory protection, cleans up executable memory areas and branches to the specified address. This can only be called by MCP, and will infinite loop on return 0 on success
0x5E 0x54 int get_unk_flags1(u32 *out_buf1, u16 *out_buf2) Gets (u32*)out_buf1 = 0x03; (u16*)out_buf2 = 0x00 0 on success
0x5F 0x55 int get_unk_flags2(u32 *out_buf1, u16 *out_buf2) Gets (u32*)out_buf1 = 0x01; (u16*)out_buf2 = 0x00 0 on success
0x60 0x56 void* virt_to_phys(void *address) Translate a virtual address to physical The translated address
0x61 0x57 int IOS_CreateSemaphore(???)
0x62 0x58 int IOS_WaitSemaphore(???)
0x63 0x59 int IOS_SignalSemaphore(???)
0x64 0x5A int IOS_DestroySemaphore(???)
0x65 0x5B int flush_ipc_server() Resets the ARM IPC control register's flags 0 on success
0x66 0x5C int set_bsp_ready() Tells the IOSU that BSP is ready 0 on success
0x67 0x5D int check_ios_addr_range(void *address, u32 size, u32 rw_flags) Checks an IOSU address range for read/write permissions 0 on success
0x68 0x5E int check_ppc_addr_range(void *address, u32 size) Checks if a PPC address range is registered in the IOSU's address table 0 on success
0x69 0x5F int init_mem1_ppc() Fills range 0x00000000 to 0x00002000 in MEM1 with empty PPC branches Always 0
0x6A 0x60 int get_iop_cpu_utilization() IOP CPU utilization
0x6B 0x61 int get_thread_stack_info(int tid, u32 *out_buf) Gets information on the specified thread's stack:
0x00(out_buf) == sys stack base
0x04(out_buf) == sys stack size (0x400)
0x08(out_buf) == sys stack used space
0x0C(out_buf) == user stack base
0x10(out_buf) == user stack size
0x14(out_buf) == user stack used space
0 on success
0x6C 0x62 int IOS_ThreadProfileCommand(int command, u32 unk) Issues a command to the thread profiling system. Valid commands are:
67h : Start profiling
64h : Stop profiling
65h : Stop profiling interval (disabled on retail?)
66h, 6Eh, 6Fh : Unknown
0 on success, when in PROD mode unavailable (NOTREADY)
0x6D 0x63 int IOS_GetThreadUtilization(void *out_buf) Dumps the current thread's utilization structure 0 on success
0x6E 0x64 int dump_thread_context(int tid, u32 *out_buf) Dumps the specified thread's context structure 0 on success
0x6F 0x65 int dump_thread_profile(int tid_count, u32 *out_buf) Dumps profiling information for each thread up to a specified count Number of dumped threads
0x70 int dump_iobuf_context(int iobuf_id, u32 *out_buf) Dumps the specified iobuf's context structure 0 on success
0x71 int IOS_GetIobPoolsUtilization(int iobuf_count, u32 *out_buf) Dumps iobuf's pools utilization for each iobuf up to a specified count Size of each used pool
0x72 0x66 int IOS_GetMessageUtilization(???) 0 on success
0x73 0x67 int get_aggregate_resource_utilization(???) 0 on success
0x74 0x68 int get_per_process_resource_utilization(???) 0 on success
0x75 0x69 int IOS_GetTimerUtilization(???) 0 on success
0x76 0x6A int IOS_GetSemaphoreUtilization(???) 0 on success
0x77 0x6B int get_heap_profile(???) 0 on success
0x78 0x6C int set_iop2x_state(u32 state) Sets the state of an unknown feature from BSP 0 on success
0x79 0x6D int set_ppc_boot_params(void *params) Registers the supplied address as a pointer for setting up the PPC boot parameters 0 on success
0x7A 0x6E void get_debug_register_value() Stores the value from LT_DEBUG register in the IOSU heap Nothing
0x7B 0x6F void clear_debug_register_value() Clears the LT_DEBUG register Nothing
0x7C 0x70 void set_debug_register_value(u32 value) Sets the value of the LT_DEBUG register Nothing
0x7D 0x71 int check_debug_flag(u32 flag) Checks if the supplied flag is enabled in the LT_DEBUG register copy on the IOSU heap The flag value if enabled or 0 if disabled
0x7E 0x72 void ios_shutdown(bool reset) Issues a system shutdown or reset depending on the input arg Nothing
0x7F 0x73 void ios_panic(char *panic_desc, u32 panic_desc_size) Issues a system panic (with optional description string) Nothing
0x80 0x74 void ios_reset() Issues a system reset Nothing
0x81 0x75 void set_panic_behavior(int flag) Changes the system behavior on panic:
flag is 0 -> crash on panic
flag is 1 -> reset on panic
flag is 2 -> reset EXI as well
0x82 0x76 int set_syslog_buffer(void *log_buf) Sets up the system log buffer in the IOSU heap 0 on success
0x83 0x77 int load_ppc_kernel(u32 address, u32 size) Maps the PPC kernel image memory:
address == 0x08000000
size == 0x00120000
0 on success
0x84 0x78 int load_ppc_app(int mem_id, u32 addr1, u32 size1, u32 addr2, u32 size2) Maps the PPC user application memory:
mem_id == 0x02
addr1 == 0x00
size1 == 0x00
addr2 == 0x28000000
size2 == 0xA8000000
0 on success
0x85 0x79 int set_security_level(int level) Sets the master title security level:
0x1E is normal
0x0A is TEST
0x14 is unknown
0 on success
0x86 0x7A int get_security_level() Gets the master title security level The security level
0x87 0x7B int get_open_resource_handles(int out_count, void *out_buffer, int pid) Finds open resource handles for the specified pid (out_buffer receives out_count * 0x2C bytes structures with the handle number, handle path and more) 0 on success
0x88 0x7C int set_main_title_sdk_version(int version) Sets the master title's SDK/kernel version 0 on success
0x89 0x7D int get_main_title_sdk_version() Gets the master title's SDK/kernel version The SDK/kernel version
0x8A 0x7E int get_dynamic_heap_access(???) 0 on success
0x8B 0x7F int start_gpu_config_validation(void *out_buf, u32 size, int queue_id, int unk) Validates the current GPU configuration using a message queue. Sends a pointer that is populated by the IOSU with the GPU configuration parameters (using GPIO) 0 on success
0x8C 0x80 int finish_gpu_config_validation(int queue_id, bool do_panic) Resets the buffer sent to the IOSU and invalidates the associated queue ID. Also looks for any errors raised due to a bad configuration state and throws a panic if specifically told to do so 0 on success
0x8D 0x81 int return_null() Unused Always 0
0x8E 0x82 int get_resource_violations(???) 0 on success
0x8F 0x83 int device_get_client_handles(char *dev_node) Returns the number of client handles created in the specified dev node The number of active client handles
0x90 0x84 int device_disable_registration(bool do_disable) Prevents any future dev node from being registered An error code (0xFFFFFFE3)
0x91 0x85 int get_pending_resource_requests(???) 0 on success
0x92 0x86 int load_ios_kernel() Maps the IOS Kernel image memory 0 on success
0x93 0x87 void exi_reset() Resets the EXI for the PPC side Nothing

Syscalls (via syscall instruction)

These types of syscalls are created with the thumb syscall instruction. When the u16 from retaddr-0x2 matches 0xdfab(intended as thumb "svc 0xab" but ARM "svc 0xdfab" would pass too), it will just return from the exception-handler, otherwise it will do the same thing described here for exceptions. These syscalls are RealView semihosting operations that allow communication with a debugger.
Currently only syscall 0x04 is still used in production versions of IOSU.

MOVS r0, #syscall_number

Register r0 takes the syscall number.
Register r1 takes the first parameter.

ID # Internal name Description Return value
0x01 __sys_open unused
0x02 __sys_close unused
0x03 __sys_writec unused
0x04 __sys_write0 Prints a null-terminated debug message None
0x05 __sys_write unused
0x06 __sys_read unused
0x07 __sys_readc unused
0x08 __sys_iserror unused
0x09 __sys_istty unused
0x0A __sys_seek unused
0x0C __sys_flen unused
0x0D __sys_tmpnam unused
0x0E __sys_remove unused
0x0F __sys_rename unused
0x10 __sys_clocK unused
0x11 __sys_time unused
0x12 __sys_system unused
0x13 __sys_errno unused
0x15 __sys_get_cmdline unused
0x16 __sys_heapinfo unused
0x30 __sys_elapsed unused
0x31 __sys_tickfreq unused

Personal tools